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    Bone Density Test (Densitometry)

    A bone density test, also called densitometry or DEXA scan, can determine if you have osteoporosis or are at risk of osteoporosis before you break any bones.

    A bone density test uses special X-rays to measure how many grams of calcium and other bone minerals are packed into a segment of bone. The bones that are most commonly tested are located in the spine, hip and forearm.

    People who should a bone density test?

    • women who have been on hormone replacement therapy (HRT/ERT) for prolonged periods
    • postmenopausal women who sustain a bone fracture
    • all postmenopausal women under age 65 who have one or more additional risk factors for osteoporosis (in addition to being postmenopausal and female)
    • all women age 65 and older regardless of additional risk factors
    • women who are considering therapy for osteoporosis if bone density testing would facilitate the decision
    Risk factors for Osteoporosis?
    Some of the most common risk factors include:
    • Advanced age
    • Being Asian or Caucasian
    • Low bone mass
    • Having a small frame or thin build
    • A sedentary lifestyle
    • Estrogen deficiency as a result of menopause, especially early or surgically induced
    • Anorexia nervosa
    • Cigarette smoking
    • Excessive alcohol intake